Barony of  North Cadbury                                                 Somerset  ·  England                                                 Erected by King William I. about AD 1066                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          'Keeping history alive'                                                                                                                                                                                      

  The British Titles System


                                       Titles of Precedence and Dignity                                                                                                                       of the                                                                           United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland


The Sovereign


Credit: PA Images / Alamy Stock Photo                                                                                 

 His Majesty King Charles III & Her Majesty Queen Consort Camilla  



    The heir apparent to the throne   

                  Credit: Independent Photo Agency Srl / Alamy Stock Photo                                                                                                      

 His Royal Highness Prince William of Wales & Her Royal Highness Princess Catherine of Wales            


The Lords Spiritual                                                                                                                                        The Archbishop of Canterbury is the first peer of England,                                                                     The Archbishop of York,                                                                                                                            The Bishops of London, Durham and Winchester (and another 21).                                                  The normal form of address is 'Your Grace'/ 'My Lord.

Duke / Duchess
created in 1337, highest rank of the peerage. In the United Kingdom addressed as 'Your Grace' or 'My Lord'/ 'My Lady' or 'Madam'.

Marquess / Marchioness
created in 1385, in the United Kingdom the title ranks below a duke and above an earl. The normal form of address is 'Your Grace' or 'My Lord'/ 'My Lady' (or 'Madam').       

Earl / Countess
first earls in England were created in 1017. The Norman kings adopted the Saxon title. The first earls created were dignitaries of enormous power. The normal form of address is Lord / Lady or 'My Lord'/ 'My Lady'. 

Viscount / Viscountess
created in 1440, rank in peerage below an Earl, above a Baron. Formerly it was a the title of the Sheriff of a County. In the reign of Henry VI. the title became a degree of honour and was made hereditary. The normal form of address is Lord / Lady or 'My Lord'/ 'My Lady' (or 'Madam')

Baron / Baroness
created c. 1066, lowest rank of the peerage. Barons were introduced into England by the Normans, most of whom held that rank in Normandy before the Conquest. Baron meant literally a man, being the King's tenant-in-chief, i.e. holding his land directly from the King per baroniam and giving the owner, wether by inheritance or by acquisition, a bundle of land, minerals and other rights, including certain rights of public justice and privileges. In the 13th century they were summoned to Parliament. The Baronage emerged into an hereditary dignity of the peerage. The difference between a baron of nobility and a feudal baron is nothing except one was converted to a peer by letters patent and one was converted to free socage.  They all derived from the same feudal titles. The normal form of address is Lord/ Lady or  'My Lord'/ 'My Lady' (or 'Madam').

Life Baron / Life Baroness (by writ)                                                                                                      lowest rank of the peerage. Life peerages had been granted for centuries, usually to women, until the Life Peerage Act of 1958 allowed the regular creation of non-hereditary peerages. A life peerage offers all of the privileges of a hereditary degree to the  recipient, including a seat in the House of Lords. The most significant differences being that  whose titles cannot be inherited, as contrasted to hereditary Lords. Almost all of the life peerages granted under the Act have been baronies. The normal form of address is Lord / Lady or  'My Lord'/ 'My Lady' (or 'Madam')

Baronet / Baronetess
created in 1611, a hereditary title above a Knight and below a Baron.
A Baronet (trad. abbreviation Bart, modern abbreviation Bt, after the name) or the rare female equivalent, a baronetess (abbreviation Btss), is the holder of a hereditary baronetcy awarded by the British Crown. The practice of awarding baronetcies was originally introduced in England in the 1300s and was used by James I of England  in 1611 in order to raise funds for the suppression of the rebellion in Ulster. A baronetcy is the only hereditary honour which is not a peerage. A baronet is styled "Sir" like a knight (or "Dame" for a baronetess), but ranks above all knighthoods and damehoods except for the Order of the Garter and, in Scotland, the Order of the Thistle However, the baronetage, as a class, are considered members of the gentry and rank above the knightage. A Baronet is not a noble title or knighthood, although they are members of the aristocracy. The normal form of address is 'Sir'/ 'My Lady' (or 'Madam')

Knight / Dame                                                                                                                                               Knighthood is essentially an institution of the days of chivalry. The title of knight was desired and granted as an honourable addition or mark of distinction to the highest dignity, name and rank. A knight is entitled to use the prefix 'Sir'/ 'Dame' with the orders letters after the name. The wife of a knight is entitled to use the prefix 'Lady'.

Lord of the Manor / Lady of the Manor                                                                                                 The Lordship of the Manor is possibly oldest titles in England. In English society, the Lordship of a Manor is a lordship originating in the feudal system of manorialism. In modern England and Wales it is recognised as a form of property. Historically a lord of the manor might be a tenant-in-chief if he held a capital manor directly from the Crown; otherwise he was a mesne lord if he did not hold directly from the Crown, yet had his own tenants. The origins of the lordship of manors arose in the Anglo-Saxon system of manorialism. Following the Norman Conquest, land at the manorial level was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086. The normal form of address is Lord / Lady.

Lord / Lady                                                                                                                                                   is not only a title, it is also the form to address a marquess (marchioness), an earl (countess), a viscount (vicountess), a baron (baroness), a Lord or Lady of the manor, a youngster son of a duke or marquess, a judge and or a bishop.


The titles will distinguished in two distinct groups:      


                                            I. Titles of the British Peerage                                           

         II. Titles of the British Manorial and Feudal System     



           Titles of the British Peerage         

                            The Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain                                                                                              and Northern Ireland                                                                                                  (Parliamentary Titles)                             


Aerial View of the Houses of Parliament and Buckingham Palace 1970's

The modern peerage system is a continuation and renaming of the baronage which existed in feudal times. The requirement of attending Parliament was at once a liability and a privilege for those who held land as a tenant-in-chief of the king per baroniam, that is to say under the feudal contract of being one of the king's barons, responsible for raising knights and troops for the royal feudal army. Certain other classes such as the higher clerics and freemen of the Cinque Ports were deemed barons. This right, entitlement or "title", began to be granted by decree in the form of the writ of summons from 1265 and by letters patent from 1388. Additionally, many holders of smaller fiefdoms per baroniam ceased to be summoned to parliament. As a result of this, the barony started to become personal rather than territorial. Feudal baronies had always been hereditable by an eldest son under primogeniture, but on condition of payment of a fine, termed relief, derived from the Latin verb levo to lift up, meaning a "re-elevation" to a former position of honour. Baronies and other titles of nobility became unconditionally hereditable on the abolition of feudal tenure by the Tenures Abolition Act of 1660, and non-hereditable titles began to be created in 1876 for law lords, and in 1958 for life peers.                                   

Today the Peerage is the collective of all the Lords of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or persons raised in class to be considered "Peers of the Monarch". These Lords have a seat in the House of Lords (or referred to ceremonially as the House of Peers) - the Upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.                                                                                      They are assigned by the Crown and cannot be transferred. The candidates are primarily selected by Government. Peers appointed today are either Working Peers and get a seat in the House of Lords or Non-Working and merely receive the Honour.


       Titles of the Peerage   

  • Lords Spiritual
  • Duke
  • Marquess
  • Earl
  • Viscount
  • Baron
  • Life Baron


Until recently, the Peerage could be easily defined as those who held a seat in the House of Lords (part of the Parliamentary system in Britain). Today the most of the hereditary Peers have been removed from the House under recent reforms.


         A Privilege of the Peerage - Robes and Coronets     

Since the early Middle Ages, robes have been worn as a sign of nobility. At first, these seem to have been bestowed on individuals by the monarch or feudal lord as a sign of special recognition; but in the fifteenth century the use of robes became formalised with peers all wearing robes of the same design, though varied according to the rank of the wearer.

Two distinct forms of robes emerged, and these remain in current use:  

1. the Parliamentary Robe is worn for parliamentary occasions (such at the State Opening of Parliament),                                                                                                                                                     

2. the Coronation Robe is generally worn only at Coronations. (Formerly, new peers were invested with their coronation robe by the monarch, but this Investiture ceremony has not taken place since 1621.)

Coronets are worn with the Coronation robe. The robes and coronets used at Elizabeth II's coronation in 1953 cost about £1,250  (roughly £29.6,000 in present-day terms). Peers under the rank of an Earl, however, were allowed in 1953 to wear a cheaper "cap of estate" in place of a coronet, as were peeresses of the same rank, for whom a simpler robe was also permitted (a one-piece gown with wrap-around fur cape, designed by Norman Hartnell).








Hereditary titles are those that pass from one generation to the next, usually in direct succession.  Dukes, Marquesses, Earls, Viscounts, Barons, and Baronets (Baronets are not part of the Peerage, but as that they are hereditary titles) are usually hereditary in nature. The way they pass from one member of the family, usually from the eldes son, to the next is all dependent upon how the titles were originally granted.



        Titles of the British Manorial and Feudal System        

                                      The Feudal Lords and Barons of the United Kingdom                                                                                          of Great Britain and Northern Ireland                                                                                                                     (Gentry - 'Squirearchy')                                                              


These titles come from the Manorial and Feudal System which preceded the Peerage and still continue today. The first Lords in the House of Lords came from the Feudal Barons and Earls that managed the people and land across the country. 

Most of the rights of these title holders have been lost due to their creation or lain dormant so long ago, mostly 1066 at the time of the William the Conqueror (King William I.), but some can date back hundreds of years before. In the 11th century, the Lord of the manor was considered one of the most important people in the country and his duties included collecting taxes.             A Manor is a collection of lands grouped into an administrative unit for tax collection. A Lordship is a collection of rights over the manor, including the right to call the owner Lord. 

Under the laws of real property in the United Kingdom, manorial or feudal Lordships are known as ‘Estates in land’. They are in English common law as well as in English property law classified as incorporeal hereditaments and are therefore inheritable to the next generation.


      William the Conqueror, 1066

                                      Feudal Hierarchy & Obligations                                        


                      Titles of the Manorial and Feudal System                            

  • Earl (a feudal Earldom, like a Manor title vested in property)
  • Baron (the highest degree of feudal land tenure in 1066)
  • Lord of the Manor (the oldest titles in England)                                                                                                                                                                                                        


In Anglo-Saxon England, feudal earls had authority over their own regions and right of judgment in provincial courts, as delegated by the king. They collected fines and taxes and in return received a "third penny", one-third of the money they collected. In wartime they led the king's armies. Some shires were grouped together into larger units known as earldoms, headed by an ealdorman or earl. Under Edward the Confessor earldoms like Wessex, Mercia, East Anglia and Northumbria - names that represented earlier independent kingdoms  -  were much larger than any shire. The Earls originally functioned essentially as royal governors. Though the title of Earl was nominally equal to the continental duke, unlike them earls were not de facto rulers in their own right.                                                                                                         After the Norman Conquest, William the Conqueror tried to rule England using the traditional system but eventually modified it to his own liking. Shires became the largest secular subdivision in England and earldoms disappeared. The Normans did create new earls like those of Herefordshire, Shropshire, and Cheshire but they were associated with only a single shire at most. Their power and regional jurisdiction was limited to that of the Norman counts. There was no longer any administrative layer larger than the shire, and shires became "counties". Earls no longer aided in tax collection or made decisions in country courts and their numbers were small. King Stephen increased the number of earls to reward those loyal to him in his war with his cousin Empress Mathilda. He gave some earls the right to hold royal castles or control the sheriff and soon other earls assumed these rights themselves. By the end of his reign, some earls held courts of their own and even minted their own coins, against the wishes of the king.            It fell to Stephen's successor Henry II to again curtail the power of earls. He took back the control of royal castles and even demolished castles that earls had built for themselves. He did not create new earls or earldoms. No earl was allowed to remain independent of royal control. The English kings had found it dangerous to give additional power to an already powerful aristocracy, so gradually sheriffs assumed the governing role. The details of this transition remain obscure, since earls in more peripheral areas, such as the Scottish Marshes and Welsh Marshes and Cornwall, retained some viceregal powers long after other earls had lost them. The loosening of central authority during the Anarchy also complicates any smooth description of the change over.                                                                                                                                          By the 13th century, earls had a social rank just below the king and princes, but were not necessarily more powerful or wealthier than other noblemen. The only way to become an earl was to inherit the title or marry into one - and the king reserved a right to prevent the transfer of the title. By the 14th century, creating an earl included a special public ceremony where the king personally tied a sword belt around the waist of the new earl, emphasizing the fact that the earl's rights came from him.                                                                                                                  Earls still held influence and as "companions of the king", were regarded as supporters of the king's power. They showed that power for the first time in 1327 when they deposed Edward II. They would later do the same with other kings they disapproved of. Still, the number of earls remained the same until 1337 when Edward III declared that he intended to create six new earldoms.


Barons were introduced into England by the Normans; most of whom held that rank in Normandy before the Conquest. Baron literally meant a man, holding his land directly from the King per baroniam as a tenant-in-chief. William the Conqueror established his favoured followers as barons by enfeoffing them as tenants-in-chief with great fiefdom a largely standard feudal contract of tenure, common to all his barons.

A feudal Barony or Barony by tenure was the highest degree of feudal land tenure, namely per baroniam (Latin for "by barony" or "as a baron") under which the land-holder owed the service of being one of the king's barons. Such barons were selected often on account of their personal abilities and usefulness. Thus for example Turstin FitzRolf, the relatively humble and obscure knight who had stepped in at the last minute to accept the position of Duke William's standard-bearer at the Battle of Hastings, was granted a barony which comprised well over twenty manors.                                                   Lands forming a Barony were often located in several different counties, not necessarily adjoining. The name of such a Barony is generally deemed to be the name of the chief manor within it, known as the caput, Latin for "head", generally assumed to have been the seat or chief residence of the first baron. North Cadbury, for instance, the ancient baronial seat of  Turstin FitzRolf ('Cadeberie' in his time), became known as the Barony of North Cadbury, Somerset.                                                                                                                   The exact date of creation of most feudal Baronies cannot be determined, as their founding charters or any deeds have been lost. Many of them are first recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086.                                                                                                                                                                 The duties owed by and the privileges granted to feudal barons cannot now be defined exactly, but they involved the duty of providing soldiers to the royal feudal army on demand by the king, and the privilege of attendance at the king's feudal court, the precursor of parliament.


King John of England signs the Magna Carta

In the 13th century the Barons were summoned to the Counselor Parliament, but at first this did not imply that a successor would necessarily also be summoned to subsequent Parliaments. The more important would probably be summoned, but by the reign of Edward III it became usual for successors to receive writs as a matter of course. Thus the Baronage emerged into a hereditary dignity of the Peerage.                                                                                                          The first baron created by patent was John Beauchamp de Holt, created Baron Kidderminster, by Richard III in 1387 but baronies by writ also continued to be created long after this date. The difference in summary, Barons of nobility are converted to peers by letters patent and feudal Barons are converted (in 1660 from tenure) to free socage.

Lord of the Manor

Lord of the Manor titles are arguably the oldest feudal titles in England and still in continuous use. In English society, the Lordship of the Manor is a Lordship originating in the feudal system of manorialism. In modern England and Wales it is recognised as a form of property.                                                                   Historically a Lord of the Manor might be a tenant-in-chief if he held a capital manor directly from the Crown; otherwise he was a mesne Lord if he did not hold directly from the Crown, yet had his own tenants. The origins of the Lordship of Manors arose in the Anglo-saxon system of manorialism. Following the Norman conquest, land at the manorial level was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086. The title cannot be subdivided. This has been prohibited since 1290 in the Statute of Quia Emptores that prevents tenants from alienating their lands to others by subinfeudation, instead requiring all tenants wishing to alienate their land to do so by substitution.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

Lord Denning, in Corpus Christi College Oxford v Gloucestershire County Council [1983] QB360, described the manor thus:                      

“In mediæval times the manor was the nucleus  of English rural life. It was an administrative unit of an extensive area of  land. The whole of it was owned originally by the Lord of the Manor. He lived  in the big house called the manor house. Attached to it were many acres of  grassland and woodlands called the park. These were the “demesne lands” which  were for the personal use of the Lord of the Manor. Dotted all round were the  enclosed homes and land occupied by the “tenants of the manor”.       


"The Lord of the Manor and his household" Photograph c. 1890


   Feudal Lordships, Baronies and Earldoms past and present

Feudal and manorial Lordships, Baronies and Earldoms, hereinafter referred to as Lordship(s), exist today in English custom law as well as in English property law as 'Estates in land'. They are part of the feudal history of England dating back to King William I. 1066 or pre-date the Norman conquest. The feudal titles derive from the King.                                                                                  

Their origins are to this very day closely related to the British monarchy, even though they are not titles of nobiliy as in the peerage. Feudal Lords, Barons and Earls are quiet rightly called Lord, Baron or Earl, but they are not the same as the Lords, Barons and Earls of the peerage, the members of the House of Lords or upper house of the parliament. Immediately after the battle of Hastings in 1066, the Normans and their followers replaced the Anglo-Saxons as leading class. King William or William the Conqueror divided the entire land into Manors and granted it to his Barons. The nobility became a cultural part of England. Only a noble could hold a manor (Marjorie Chibnall: The Normans; Oxford 2000), at later times a commoner could also own a Manor or Barony. Occassionally the Barons were summoned by the King to the Royal Council to advise him. In the 13th century this was the predecessor of the House of Lords. The current manorial/feudal Lords may well be seen as a relic of the ancient Norman noble class. A feudal Lord or Baron is the only title of dignity legally assignable and able to be legally alienated from the bloodline of its previous possessor.      

Today feudal Lords are considered as relicts of the Norman nobility, though not in the sense of British peerage titles as already mentioned before, but more a title of the gentry. The following quotation about Lords of the Manor from the English historian and lawyer Frederic William Maitland characterises nobility in the proper sense.        


F. W. Maitland, LL.D., characterised manorial Lords in his book The Constitutional History of England from 1908 thus:  

"Dark as is the early history of the manor, we can see that before the Conquest England is covered by what in all substantial points are manors, though the term manor is brought hither by the Normans. Furthermore, in the interests of peace and justice, the state insists that every landless man shall have a lord, who will produce him in court in case he be accused. Slowly the relation of man and lord extends itself, and everywhere it is connected with land. The king’s thanes then are coming to be the king’s military tenants in chief." 


                                                                        Manorial Rights

Manorial rights are part of English property law and refers to the law of acquisition, sharing and protection of valuable assets in England and Wales. As such they can be bought and sold as other properties. Therefore manorial Lordships can be rightful conveyed, transfered or sold to other parties. In addition, they are the only titles that can be purchased. Feudal titles like Lord of the Manor, feudal Baron or Earl are nonetheless historic artifacts and protected in the 1922 Law of Property Act.

Historically the feudal Lord has carried with it a bundle of rights over land within the manor, even over land that was in the hands of tenants and common land. Lordship rights varied from Lord to Lord, some of these were included in the grant of the Lordship such as the right of corporal and capital punishment or the 'Right of Gallows' and 'Right of Stocks'. Another important grant of right would be to hold a market within the manor.

Other privileges have included the right to hunt wild animals on the wastes of the manor - common land - and the right to wild fish. The Lord could demand payment from people fishing in rivers and lakes within his manor - common land.

A Manor/Lordship always came in three parts:

1. Land,                                                                                                                                                           2. Rights over the Land,                                                                                                                                3. Lordship - power to collect fealty {services} and taxes.

To convey all three rights they had to be specifically listed in the deeds of transfer. Titles became separate from the physical land in 1922. Officially a manorial or feudal Lordship title is “a property without body”.   

A feudal Lordship title itself can be separated from the physical property just as any other right can. As this a Lordship title is classified in law as an incorporeal hereditament. Incorporeal means having no physical presence (not to see, touch or smell). Hereditament means inheritable, a Lordship title can be inherited to the next generation (meaning the right continues forever more).                                                                                                                      

The lawful holder of a Lordship has the legal right to style him or herself Lord or Lady of the Manor of X, Lord or Lady of X, Baron or Baroness of X or Earl or Countess of X, all feudal titles dating back to medieval times.


  "... the only Lords of any importance at the present day are Lords of the Manors".                                          William Jowitt, 1st Earl Jowitt: Dictionary of English Law, 1959.                  


Titles from the Manorial and Feudal System can be owned by anyone, irrespective of nationality. With the aquisition and conveyance of a Lordship, the new owner inherits the rank and the status of a feudal Lord, even some become involved in the local community. Whilst at the same time he becomes the successor in title in line with often eminent historical figures which have essentially infuenced the history of Britain. Therewith the holder of a Lordship is a custodian of the title and its history in trust for future generations.

Sometimes there are several names (or titles) for one and the same lordship. Most Lordships were granted between 1066 and 1086 and were named then. Each Lord could change the name of the Lordship (or title) in the same way as we can change the name of a house today. These can still be used today by the owner of the lordship, depending on which name is preferred.     


                                               Usage of a Lordship of the Manor, Feudal Barony or Earldom Title           

A Lordship, Barony or Earldom is attached or refers to a certain place, which is why most Lords are proud to show their title as being Lord of X or Baron of X.                                                               The owner of a feudal Lordship or Barony is entitled to be called a Lord/Lady or to refer to themselves as Lord/Lady of that Manor or Baron/Baroness of that Barony, for example, Lord/Lady of Blakewell or Lord/Lady of the Manor of Blakewell, Lord/Lady of Codiford Farleigh, or Baron/Baroness or Lord/Lady of North Cadbury. The right to use the title Lord or Lady of X, Lord or Lady of the Manor of X, Baron or Baroness of X, or Earl or Countess of X, etc. is a legal custom right - to seek recognition that one is the owner of a specific manorial right - as it meets certain basic requirements in this respect. The title can be seen as a synonym for ownership with a historical background. It has also been accepted through the centuries that the “of” can be dropped. The owner of a Lordship has the choice to use his title whichever he prefer.

How to refer to a holder of a Lordship and his title is not so much a matter of English Law, as a matter of taste and etiquette. Good manners and respect for history and the Lordship title would suggest that using the title in the correct way generates respect for the Lord or Lady and his or her Manor.

Lordship of the Manor of X

How to refer to the Lordship title

(The) Lordship of the Manor of X
(The) Lordship of X  

The holder of a manorial Lordship can be addressed or style themthelve as follows:

The Lord and Lady of the Manor of X                                                                                                       The Lord and Lady of X

Personal Name, Lord/Lady of the Manor of X
Personal Name, Lord/Lady of X
Lord/Lady of X
Lord/Lady X

Letter                                                                                                                                                                Envelope:                                                                                                                                                Lord/Lady Personal Name of X or Personal Name, Lord/Lady of X or Lord/Lady of the Manor of X top: Dear Lord/Lady Personal Name or Dear Lord/Lady of X or Dear Lord/Lady X

Barony of X                                                                                                                                                     

How to refer to the Barony title 

(The) Barony of X   

The holder of a barony can be addressed or style themselve as follows:

The Baron and Baroness of X                                                                                                                     The Lord and Lady of X

Baron/Baroness Personal Name of X
Personal Name, Baron/Baroness of X
Personal Name, Baron/Baroness X
Baron/Baroness of X
Baron/Baroness X
Personal Name, Lord/Lady of X
Personal Name, Lord/Lady X
Lord/Lady of X
Lord/Lady X

Letter                                                                                                                                                               Envelope: Baron/Baroness Personal Name of X or The Baron/Baroness of X                                 top: Dear Baron/Baroness Personal Name or Dear Baron/Baroness of X

Earldom of X                                                                                                                                         

How to refer to the Earldom title

(The) Earldom of X

The holder of an earldom can be addressed or style themselve as follows, but he should not drop the 'of' from the title, because it originates from a placename and not from a surname like some Earls of the peerage.

The Earl and Countess of X                                                                                                                        The Lord and Lady of X                                                                                                                  Earl/Countess Personal Name of X                                                                                                        Personal Name, Earl/Countess of X                                                                                        Earl/Countess of X                                                                                                                            Personal Name, Lord/Lady of X                                                                                                     Lord/Lady of X                                                                                

Letter                                                                                                                                                              Envelope: Earl/Countess Personal Name of X or The Earl/Countess of X                                             top: Dear Earl/Countess Personal Name or Dear Earl/Countess of X

These address code rules hold good for English manorial Lordships, feudal Baronies and Earldoms. Because so many variations in feudal titles are accepted, it is helpful when the style preferred by the holder of an Earldom, Barony or Lordship is printed at the head of stationery, on correspondence or business cards.      

In Britain it's further possible to add Lordship titles to passports and driving licence.                      The Government has published a guide how titles can be included in passports.                    

English feudal Earldoms, Baronies and Lordships are ancient titles which relate to land tenure. These should not be confused with peerage titles.



A peerage title is a personal dignity which will pass, if it is not a life peerage, to the next legitimate descendant and can not be acquired. Hereditary peerage dignities can only be created through HM The King by writs of summons or by letters patent. Equally a life peerage can only be created or granted by the King on advice of His Majesty's Government by letters patent. These members of nobility are custodians of parts of English history and responsible in the sense of leading politicians, as they have a seat in the House of Lords, the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.              

A feudal title is a territorial dignity which passes as an incorporeal hereditament to the next legitimate descendant, or can also be conveyed or acquired. Furthermore a Lordship Title Right is a right in law. A ‘right’ which cannot be seen or touched so can only exist when created by a legal process, whether that is a grant by the Crown or application of statute law and common law. An English Lordship title can be owned by anyone, irrespective of nationality. The holder of a manorial or feudal title is a responsible custodian of a part of English history and heritage, which can go back more than 1000 years. Therefore the feudal Lord holds his title in trust for future generations. It is a privilege to be part of English history and the owner should use his title with pleasure and pride.                                                                                                                     In addition the holder of a title should also act like an honourable Lord. The behaviour of a Lord towards other people should always be in accordance with his rank. A Lord should follow a few virtues and act like a gentleman - responsible, tolerant and noble. These should be the supreme maxims, according to the French phrase 'Noblesse oblige'.

                Notice on the legal acquisition and conveyance of real English Feudal Titles

If you are interested in a genuine manorial title, seeking well-founded and expert advice at Britain's most reliable Manorial Counsel Limited. Here you can get no-obligation advice on legal acquisition and conveyance of Feudal Titles and how to avoid the pitfalls and ensure that your purchase of a Lordship title passes of without a hitch.

Manorial Counsel Ltd. market and sell Lordship and Barony titles with a legal right for use and proof of ownership, supported by several UK registered Solicitors (SRA). According to an approved legal process, Manorial Counsel has the right to bring dormant or unused manorial titles back in existence. The law which Manorial Counsel used to create the new rights to the Lordship and Barony titles has been thoroughly reviewed and approved by two Senior Barristers and five Solicitors!

Each title they sell will be confirmed by three different UK registered Solicitors (SRA - Solicitors Regulation Authority). As proof of authenticity of the titles, the conveyance documents include confirmations of rights from two UK registered Solicitors (Lawyers) and a 'Solicitor's Letter' from a third Solicitor.

In addition, the legal conveyance and ownership of titles will be officially announced and recorded in The Gazette (formally The London Gazette), the official public record of His Majesty's Government, which operates under strict Government and Crown approval.

The entire content of the publication is dedicated to necessary publishing of legal notices, events and announcements. That implies that there are some legal requirements for the notice placer to advertise a notice in The Gazette. As an official public record, notices can only be placed in The Gazette by registered and verified persons acting in an official capacity, who have the authority to create an official record of fact (e.g. UK registered Solicitors/Lawyers).

A notice in The Gazette officially announces whether the title was granted or established by the Crown or legally created and tranferred by legal process and in this case who is the acting solicitor; see 'All notices' and 'Other Notices' of manorial Lordships and feudal Baronies.      

More information about the legal acquisition of real feudal Lordship titles