The Manor of Trenewith and Trewithgy
The Lordship of the Manor of Trenewith and Trewithgy or also Trenewith-with-Trewithgy in the County of Cornwall, is a feudal lordship with a long history from the time of King John to the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. It is kept alive by the current custodians, the 6th Baron and Baroness of North Cadbury and 23rd Lord and Lady of Trenewith and Trewithgy, on behalf of the nation.
Trenowith and Trewithgy, are two different names or places for the same lordship. Trenowith signifies the New Town, Trewithgy - in English a house surrounded by trees, and lying in the water.
The Manor of Trenewith and Trewithgy was first mentioned in about 1202 as it was was held by Sir Richard FitzIves, who married the illegimate daughter of King John Lackland. The Lordship was owned for centuries by some of the wealthiest, most powerful and influential families in Cornwall. The Manor of Trenewith (TRENOWITH, TRENOUTH, TRENOWETH, TRENOWTH) from Trenowith, an estate in the parish of Probus, in the hundred of Powder, belonged to the ancient family of that name, which became extinct in the reign of Henry VIII.; the coheiresses married Boscawen, Borlase, and Herle: this barton was inherited by the Herles, and was some time their seat.
Trenewith and Trewithgy or today just Trenowth or Trenoweth in the parish of Probus is situated near of River Fal and lies 9,7 m (15,6 km) east of Truro and 2m (3,3km) north of the village of Grampound.
1202 Sir Richard FitzIves, Knt., 1st known Lord of Trenowth-with-Trewithgy. He was of Degembris in Newlyn East, and Trenoweth-with-Trewithgy in the parish of Probus, Cornwall, England.
1224 Sir William FitzRichard, Knt., 2nd Lord of Trenewith-with-Trewithgy, of Lanisley (Gulval), Trenoweth-with-Trewithgy (in Probus), Trenoweth-Chammon and Rosneython (in St. Keverne), Degembris and Penhallow (both in Newlyn East), and Pelynt, Cornwall He was evidently still a minor in 1224. He married Rose Bevyle, daughter of Ralph Bevyle, Knt., of Tredaule (in Altarnum), Cornwall. Heir was his daughter Isabel FitzWilliam married in 1285 Stephen Beaupre.
At that time the manor was most probably known as the Manor of Trewithgy. Obviously around 1265-1269 the lordship passed into the possession of the Trenowth family and was named after the family name. The Lordship of Trewithgy at this stage in its history be termed the Lordship of Trenewith and Trewithgy or Lordship of Trenewith-with-Trewithgy or just Lordship of Trenewith (Trenowth).
1265 John de Trenowth, is Lord of Trenewith and Trewithgy; He is first recorded in the Herald's visitations of Cornwall, and heir was his son Stephen.
Date unkown Stephen de Trenowith was married with Joan de Trenaco. They had four sons Michael, Ralph, John and Thomas. The eldest son was Michael de Trenowith and heir of the Lordship. But it appears that the manor came into the possession of Isabel Fitz-William (daughter of Sir William FitzRichard) and through her it became the property of the Beaupre family in about 1291.
1291 Sir Stephen de Beaupre, Knt., of Kelynack (in St. Just) and in right of his wife, Lord of Trenoweth-with-Trewithgy (in Probus) Cornwall, presumably son of John de Beaupré, Steward and Sheriff of Cornwall. They had one son, Ralph, Knt., and one daughter, Joan (wife of John de Trevegnon, Knt.).
1319 Sir Ralph de Beaupre, Knt., is Lord of Trenowith-with-Trewithgy. About 1319, he married Margaret de Furneaux, daughter of Sir Matthew de Furneaux, Sheriff of Somerset & Dorset and Maud de Raleigh, daughter of Warin de Raleigh, Knight. They had a son and heir John and a daughter Isabel.
1334 Sir John de Beaupre, Knt., of Lisley (Gulval), Penhallam (in Jacobstow), and Trenoweth-with-Trewithgy (in Probus) Cornwall, bachelor of Edward the Black Prince (created 1st Duke of Cornwall in 1337, the first English dukedom). He was aged 2 in 1329, minor in 1337.
Date unknown It seems that the manor went into the possession of Sir Michael de Trenewith.
1356? Sir Michael de Trenewith, Knt., Knight of the Shire and Justice of Peace 1338-1344. He was married with Margaret Boteler and had four sons Michael, Ralph, John, Thomas. The heir was his eldest son Michael. The lives of Sir Michael Trenewith (Michael Trenewith, the elder) and the younger are difficult to disentangle; both had major tinning interests and a penchant for lawlessness.
TRENOWITH, TRENOUTH, TRENOWETH, TRENOWTH. From Trenowith, an estate in the parish of Probus, where dwelt, in 12 EDW.III., Michael de Trenowith one of the knights of Cornwall; from trenoweth, the new town; or tre-noth, the bare of exposed dwelling.
1359 Michael de Trenewith, inherited the manor of Trenewith and Trewithgy from his father. He was without issue and the lordship passed to his next brother Ralph.
1367 Ralph I de Trenewith, Knight of the Shire; married Margaret Rushell. He was controller of the stannaries, Cornwall 1367-1368; Receiver of the Duchy of Cornwall 1368-1377, for the Princess of Wales 1377-1379, Tax assessor for Cornwall in 1379 and Justice of assize, Cornwall 1380. He had three sons. Ralph died in 1393 and heir was his eldest son John.
Date unknown John de Trenowth, inherited the lordship. He married Jane Trejago, daughter and coheir of Stephen Trejago of Fentongollan and Alice, daughter of Noel Chenduyt. Heir was their eldest son Ralph. Most probable the manor went not to Ralph Trenowth, but passed to Isabel Beaupre, daughter and heir of Sir Ralph de Beaupre and heiress to her brother John, and with her to her husband John Longland, Esq.,
1380 John Longland, Esq., Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset, husband of Isabel Beaupré, heiress in 1356 to her brother, John de Beaupre. In 1380 he held his manors and land (except the manor of Degrembis) by the courtesy of England after the death of Isabel, his wife.
1380 John Roynon, married Joan Longland in 1380 and hold the lordship. She married (1st) before 1380 John Roynon of Bickfold, Somerset. They had one son, John, and one daughter, Joan. John Roynon died testate. Joan (Longland) Roynon married second:
1396 Sir Robert Yevelton, Knt., married 1396 as 2nd husband Joan Longland (Roynon). He held the Lordship of the manor in right of his wife Trenowith (Probus) 1396-99. They had no issue.
*Trewishawnes - combines the names of two holdings Trewince (formerly Trewis) and Hewas (formerly Hawnes), both in Ladock parish, bordering on the Probus parish and the manor of Trenewith and Trewithgy.
About 1396 Ralph II de Trenewith, of Fentongollan in St. Michael Penkivel and recorded as Lord of Trenowth in St. Probus, Cornwall (brother of John and grandson of Ralph I). Ralph was Justice of Peace 1368-1377 and held considerable estates in the county and had interests in tin. He married first Jane, da. of Sir William Basset; second Maud, daughter and heir of John Tregorrick.
1427 John de Trenowth of Fentongollan, held the manor of Trenewith and Trewithgy from his father. John married Jane daughter and co-heir of Jacob Nansant. They had three children, John the eldest son was the next heir to the lordship after his death in 1444.
1444 John de Trenewith, was Lord of the manor. He married Honor, daughter and heir of William Tregarthen and died without male issue in 1497 when the possessions of this the eldest branch of the family devolved on four daughters and co heirs who married Carminow, St Aubyn, Raynward, Stradling and Godolphin.
1514 John Carminow, Sheriff of Cornwall in 1514. He married Philippa Trenowith. By his marriage to Philippa he inherited large estates which added to his own family wealth made him one of the wealthiest men in Cornwall. John received the Lordship of Trenowith and Trewithgy and also the Fentongollan estate, unfortunately, nothing remains of this ancient manor house. John seems to have enjoyed a quiet life without any wish to obtain political power.
1520 Nicholas Carminow, inherited the manor. He married Catherine Wolvedon; Nicholas had a grant of the manor of Trenewith from his mother 1520 and of the manor of Trewethynick from his brother John 1532. He was the Commissioner of Musters for Cornwall in 1523. Nicholas dies 1538. His daughter Elizabeth married Nicholas Herle of Trenouth and the manor went to the Herle family.
1538 Nicholas Hearle, hold the lordship. He married Elizabeth Carmynow (daughter and coheir of Nicholas Carmynow), heir was the first son Thomas Hearle or Herle after his fathers dead in 1558.
1558 Thomas Herle, 1st son of Nicholas Herle by Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of Nicholas Carminowe of Trenowth. He was a member of the House of Commons. The Herle family, originally from Northumberland, had been settled in Cornwall since the 14th century. Throughout the 15th century it was seated at Prideaux near Luxulian but by the middle of the 16th had made Trenowth its chief residence. Thomas Herle presumably owed his Membership to his family’s influence at Grampound, which was not far from Trenowth. When he entered the Commons in 1558 his experience was limited and his education incomplete: his return may have been intended to broaden his knowledge as much as to commend him to a patron, and between the two sessions of the Parliament he joined the Middle Temple in preparation for a legal career. His father, who apparently never sat in Parliament, had perhaps intended to stand for election on this occasion but put his son forward instead; some such substitution would account for the insertion of his name in a different hand on the indenture. Herle may not have taken to the House and after his father’s death he is not known to have sought election again.
Date unknown Edward Herle, inherited the lands from his father. The last confirmed date for the manor is 1602, this is the last known reference to the Lordship and Manor of Trenewith and Trewithgy or Trenowth.
The manorial Lordship title of Trenewith and Trewithgy has not to have been used for 418 years and has been re-conveyed in 2020.
2020 Jörg Hubert & Regina Dumke, 23rd Lord & Lady of Trenewith and Trewithgy. The Lordship title with the hereditary rights passed to the 6th Baron & Baroness of North Cadbury.