BARONY of  NORTH CADBURY                                                                                                SOMERSET   ·   ENGLAND                                                                                                                    Erected by King William I. about AD 1066                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           'Keeping history alive'                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

                                                                       ARCHIVE 2018


                                21st DECEMBER 2018                          

  A Royal thank you from Clarence House


The Lord and Lady of North Cadbury are delighted to receive a Royal thank you from HRH Prince Charles, for their birthday wishes they sent to his 70th birthday.


            

            15th DECEMBER 2018           

                  Regalia of the Knightly Order of St Edward the Confessor


His Lordship has commissioned Caroline Easton of 1066 Heraldic Shields to paint for him a set of six coasters with the coat of arms of the Knightly Order of St Edward the Confessor. Caroline has an excellent expertise as a professional heraldic painter for over 15 years and has already painted several heraldic shields for the Baron.        

These hand-painted heraldic shield coasters are completed in superior quality. The Baron was very delighted about the workmanship of the coasters, which are a grand addition to his lordship's order regalia.

1066 Heraldic Shields is highly to recommended for painting heraldic shields to other armiger. They have already painted shields among others for members of the British aristocracy, feudal Barons, Lords and Ladies etc.    

You can read more about this brilliant heraldic painter and the process how she paints coats of arms at the website of 1066 Heraldic Shields .

 

 

 

 Cheers!

           




                                   10th DECEMBER 2018                          

     Encyclopædia Britannica - The Knowledge of the World


Encyclopædia Britannica celebrates 250 years of continuous operation today. The original encyclopædia was first published on 10th December 1768 in Scotland. Although no print edition has been published since 2010, 100 specialist editors, supported by thousands of freelancers, still work for this enormous knowledge project today.

Two entrepreneurs and an editor published a three-volume reference book in Edinburgh in 1768. The last printed edition had 32 volumes - weighty works, representative hardbacks, which made themselves splendid on the shelf and are still the pride of many owners today.

The digital edition, however, which is financed by advertisements and subscriptions, is of course more up-to-date and lively and passes on part of its knowledge free of charge. Just have a look at www.britannica.com - but be careful, you can spend hours with it. Particularly nice: the Quizzes to arbitrary topics. For children there is its own offer. By the way, Encyclopædia Britannica was the first encyclopædia publisher to publish a digital reference book in 1981.

The anniversary also coincides with the 25th anniversary of Encyclopædia Britannica as the first encyclopædia on the Internet and one of the first major publications on the World Wide Web. 

A full edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica should not be missing in any lordly library.                                                                                                                                          



                                                          2nd DECEMBER 2018                                            

    The Spirit of Christmas is in the air

  First Sunday of Advent  - Christmas is not far off  


Traditionally at the Baron's residence the christmas decorations will done on the 1st Advent weekend. In the living room the christmas tree is decorated with classic English ornaments.  Also all the other rooms will be festive decorated.

The first candle of the Advent wreath will enflamed and three further on the next three following sundays until Christmas Eve - a German Christmas tradition.


         



                           16th OCTOBER 2018                         

            The House of Lords and its Lordships 

House of Lords chamber, Palace of Westminster, London


The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The officially name of the house is the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled.

In the Kingdom of England, the Magnum Concilium or Great Council, was an assembly convened at certain times of the year when church leaders and wealthy landowners were invited to discuss the affairs of the country with the king. The modern peerage system is a continuation and renaming of the baronage which existed in feudal times. Lords from the Manorial and Feudal System preceded the Peerage and still continue today. The requirement of attending Parliament was at once a liability and a privilege for those who held land as a tenant-in-chief of the king per baroniam, that is to say under the feudal contract of being one of the king's barons, responsible for raising knights and troops for the royal feudal army.                                                                                                                          The House of Lords developed from the "Great Council" (Magnum Concilium) that advised the King during medieval times. This royal council came to be composed of ecclesiastics, noblemen, and representatives of the counties of England and Wales (afterwards, representatives of the boroughs as well). The first English Parliament is often considered to be the "Model Parliament" (held in 1295), which included archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls, barons, and representatives of the shires and boroughs of it.                                                                                    The first Lords in the House of Lords came from the Feudal Barons and Earls that managed the people and land around the country. It was established in the reign of the Normans. In ancient times the king would call the Great Council and the King's Court (Curia Regis), semi-professional advisors who would stay behind until the work was done. The former grew into the Parliament (concilium regis in parliamento) and, especially as it split into the House of Lords and House of Commons, thereby assumed the participation of the nobility.

Most of the rights of these title holders have been lost due to their creation or lain dormant so long ago, mostly 1066 at the time of the William the Conqueror (King William I.), but some can date back hundreds of years before.
This right, entitlement or "title", began to be granted by decree in the form of the writ of summons from 1265 and by letters patent from 1388. Additionally, many holders of smaller fiefdoms per baroniam ceased to be summoned to parliament. As a result of this, the barony started to become personal rather than territorial.
Today the Peerage is the collective of all the Lords of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or persons raised in class to be considered "Peers of the Monarch".
These Lords have a seat in the House of Lords (or referred to ceremonially as the House of Peers) - the Upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.





          22nd SEPTEMBER 2018         

               On this day 1515: Birth of Anne of Cleves               


Anne of Cleves (German: Anna von Kleve, 22nd September 1515 - 16th July 1557) was Queen of England from 6th January to 9th July 1540. She was the 4th wife of King Henry VIII. Remembered as the 'Flanders Mare', Anne was perhaps Henry's luckiest wife, their marriage was annulled within a year. Anne became known as 'The King's Beloved Sister' and she is buried in Westminster Abbey.                                 

Anne was born in Düsseldorf and grew up in Castle Burg on Wupper (Schloss Burg an der Wupper) in the heart of the Berg Country (Bergisches Land), Germany. She was the second daughter of John III, Duke of Cleve-Jülich-Berg and his wife Maria, Duchess of Jülich-Berg.                            

Castle Burg on Wupper

The 'Bergisches Land' (Berg Country, region within North Rhine-Westphalia) east of Cologne/River Rhine, is the native country of the current Baron and Baroness of North Cadbury.



             15th SEPTEMBER 2018          

                                                   Autumn is on the way    


Stourhead, Wiltshire 1978 - oil painting by Cyril Osborne ©The Baron de Newmarch Collection

       

After this extremely long, hot and dry summer autumn is visible, but further on very summerly. The painting of the well known Bournemouth artist Cyril Osborne depicts a wonderful autumnal atmosphere of Stourhead Park in Wiltshire.                  

Stourhead is the world-famous landscape garden in England with the stunning Palladian country house - Stourhead House, the former home of the Hoare family.  Since 1946 Stourhead is part owned by the National Trust.

The Hoares are a banking family and the bank was founded by Sir Richard Colt Hoare in 1672. C. Hoare & Co. is the oldest private bank in the United Kingdom and the fourth oldest in the World. It is currently managed by the 11th generation of Hoare's direct descendants.                                                                                                                                                 Stourhead House and Gardens are to be worth visiting and not far away from North Cadbury in the nearby county of Wiltshire.

Stourhead is breathtaking in any season but on sunny spring and autumn days, the flowering spring shrubs and the flaming autumnal colours of the trees reflected in the magnificent lake are breathtaking. The centre piece of the garden at Stourhead is the lake, which dictates the path you take and the views you enjoy. The garden contains some greek style buildings such as the Temple of Flora, Hercules, Pantheon and Grotto.






©The Baron de Newmarch Collection

 


7th AUGUST 201

                      On the Trail of the Great Detective Sherlock Holmes

               

The statue of Sherlock Holmes outside Baker Street underground station welcomes travelers. The greatest amd world-famous consulting detective who ever lived, resided in Victorian era at 221B Baker Street where he shared rooms with Dr. John Watson.                                                                        But actually he has never existed. Sherlock Holmes is a creation of Edinburgh-born Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930). He has written 60 criminal cases, including the best-known case of "The Hound of the Baskervilles", published in "The Strand Magazine".          

Sherlock Holmes lived on the first floor at 221B Baker Street from 1881-1904. Most of his cases are filmed with several actors in the roll of the master sleuth, from Basil Rathbone over Christopher Lee to the modern issue with Benedict Cumberbatch.

But the best of all actors was Jeremy Brett, who played Sherlock Holmes extremely authentic in the fabulous Granada Television production "Sherlock Holmes". Granada has produced almost all cases of Holmes, reasonably detailed after the plots of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

As Brett died far too early in 1995 in the age of 61, the solely and real Sherlock Holmes passed away. Jeremy Brett was Sherlock Holmes!!!

And not to forget the wonderful actors David Burke and Edward Hardwicke, which played Homes friend and assistant Dr. Watson and the memorable Rosalie Williams as Mrs Hudson.

 

 

                              A Visit to 221b Baker Street - The Sherlock Holmes Museum









 

             



Professor Moriarty - Sherlock Holmes' arch-enemy




                            The Baron's own 'Sherlock Holmes Memorabilia Collection'

Collection of Sherlock Holmes memorabilia ©The Baron de Newmarch Collection


Holmes and Watson in a Sidney Paget illustration for "The Adventure of Silver Blaze".


Two 1896 letters regarding 'The Sussex Vampire' ©The Baron de Newmarch Collection





               6th AUGUST 2018  

                                                     London from the Air          




                                                  A walk through London



The Baron and Baroness had a long walk through London in good sunny weather. Above the first photo stop at Scotland Yard's new headquarters on the Victoria Embankment.




            


                                                                       On the way to St. Paul's Cathedral.  

 


Lady Regina is resting in the garden of Clarence House, after a visit of the official residence of Prince Charles and the Duchess of Cornwall in London.



   

 Afternoon Tea at Fortnum's Diamond Jubilee Salon

           

              

                                                The Wallace Collection

      

The Wallace Collection is a museum which displays the works of art collected in the 18th and 19th centuries by five generations of a British aristocratic family - the first four Marquesses of Hertford and Sir Richard Wallace, the illegitimate son of the 4th Marquess. In the nineteenth century, the Marquesses of Hertford were one of the wealthiest families in Europe.  They owned large properties in England, Wales and Ireland, and increased their wealth through successful marriages.  Politically of lesser importance, the 3rd and 4th Marquess and Sir Richard Wallace became leading art collectors of their time.













          24th JULY 2018          

                         The Life of Servants in Edwardian Manor Houses


In Edwardian times the servants lived downstairs and would rarely seen by the upstairs owners of a manor house or stately home.                                                                                                                                 The most important of the downstairs people was the Butler. He kept the servants away from the owners and the gentry and liaised between the two groups. He was responsible for the servants and answerable to the gentry. The butler - in charge of the house, coachmen and footmen. He looked after the family and the wine cellar.

There were many other servants required to run a to run a large property. Without the servants the house could not function:

  • the housekeeper - responsible for the housemaids and carried the keys to the china and linen cupboards.
  • the ladies maid - the mistress of the house's personal attendant, helping her to dress and do her hair.
  • the valet - the master's manservant, attending to his requests and preparing his clothes and shaving tools.
  • the cook - ran the kitchen and larder, overseeing the kitchen, dairy and scullery maids.
  • the governess- educated and cared for the children with the head and under nurse.
  • the hallboy - worked 16-hour days, lighting all the lamps and candles and polishing the staff boots before they woke up.
  • the between maid or tweeny - earned £13 a year, worked seven days a week from 5am-10pm and looked after slop duty.

                                                                          The Servants' Rules

  • Never let your voice be heard by the ladies and gentlemen of the house
  • Always 'give room' if you meet one of your employers or betters on the stairs.
  • Always stand still when being spoken to by a lady and look at the person speaking to you.
  • Never begin to talk to ladies and gentlemen
  • Servants should never offer any opinion to their employers, nor even to say good night.
  • Never talk to another servant in the presence of your mistress.
  • Never call from one room to another.
  • Always answer when you have received an order.
  • Always keep outer doors fastened. Only the Butler may answer the bell.
  • Every servant must be punctual at meal times.
  • No servant is to take any knives or forks or other article, nor on any account to remove any provisions, nor ale or beer out of the Hall.
  • No Gambling, or Oaths, or abusive language are allowed.
  • The female staff are forbidden from smoking.
  • No servant is to receive any Visitor, Friend or Relative into the house.
  • Any maid found fraternising with a member of the opposite sex will be dismissed without a hearing.
  • The Hall door is to be finally closed at Half-past Ten o'clock every night.
  • The servants' hall is to be cleared and closed at Half-past Ten o'clock.
  • Any breakages or damage to the house will be deducted from wages.


                                                                  How to Treat Your Servants                                                                     
                                                             

                                                                     Master and Servant Relationship
All Family members should maintain appropriate relationships with the Staff. As Upper Servants will work directly to the Family, a trusting and respectful relationship should be established.
Your Footmen are a proclamation of your wealth and prestige. They are representatives of your Household and Family and as such it is advantageous that you develop a good relationship. However, as Lower Servants, they do not expect to be addressed outside the receipt of instructions.
While the Housemaids will clean the House during the day, they should make every care and attention never to be observed by you doing their duties. If by chance you do meet, you should expect them to "give way" to you by standing still and averting their gaze, whilst you walk past, leaving them un-noticed. By not acknowledging them, you will spare them the shame of explaining their presence.

     

                                                                     How to Address your Servants                        

  • The Butler should be addressed courteously by his Surname.
  • The Housekeeper should be given the title of "Missus ~".
  • The Chef de Cuisine should be addressed as such, or by the title "Monsieur ~".
  • It is customary for your Lady's Maid to be given the title of "Miss ~", regardless of whether she is single or married. It is however acceptable for the Mistress to address her by her Christian name.
  • A Tutor should be addressed by the title of "Mister ~".
  • It is very much the custom in the old houses that, when entering into new Service, Lower Servants adopt new names given to them by their Masters. You may follow this tradition and rename certain members of your Staff. Common names for matching Footmen are James and John. Emma is popular for Housemaids.
  • It is not expected that you take the trouble to remember the names of all your Staff. Indeed, in order to avoid obliging you to converse with them, Lower Servants will endeavour to make themselves invisible to you. As such they should not be acknowledged.

       (Adapted from Channel 4 series 'Manor House', Edwardian Life, 2003)

The following book is a very good recommendation to any Butler in a grand household.




                   26th JUNE 2018           

    Mincing Lane, London


Mincing Lane is one of the smaller streets in the City of London. It links Fenchurch Street to Great Tower Street. Mincing Lane is the traditional home of British tea trade. In the late 19th century it was for some years the world's leading centre for tea and spice trading after the British East India Company successfully took over all trading ports from the Dutch East India Company in 1799.

The East India Company ceased to be a commercial enterprise in 1833 and tea became a 'free trade' commodity. On November 20, 1834 the first tea auctions were held in the London Commercial Salerooms on Mincing Lane. Tea merchants established offices in and around the street, earning it the nickname 'Street of Tea'. The last London Tea Auction was held on June 29, 1998.


United Kingdom Tea Company, Mincing Lane - advertising print. The Illustrated London News 1892. ©The Baron de Newmarch Collection

The captain of the German Imperial Navy Paul Schrader often deployed in Eastern Asia and Pacific, was a great connoisseur of tea. In 1921 he founded the tea- & coffee mail order business Paul Schrader & Co. in Bremen.
The tea merchant offers wonderful tea blends in typical English Tea tradition, which are part of their English tea & food range named Mincing Lane.  A great name for these Great British Teas.





     9th JUNE 2018       

                                         Heraldic Shield of the Order of St Edward the Confessor

    

Recently, as a knight of the Knightly Order of St. Edward the Confessor (KStE), the Baron of North Cadbury had once again with great pleasure commissioned Caroline Easton of 1066 Heraldic Shields to paint a heraldic shield of the order for him. Caroline has an excellent expertise as a professional heraldic painter for over 15 years and has already painted shields for the Baron several times.          


©The Baron de Newmarch Collection

This hand-painted heraldic shield has been completed in superior quality. The Baron was very delighted about the workmanship of this shield, which is a grand addition to the Baron's order regalia.

The Baron's Knight silver and enamel neck medal.


Baron's Coat of Arms Shields, with the Order of St Edward Heraldic Shield at its final place above the entrance door. ©The Baron de Newmarch Collection

   

On 8th June 1042 – Edward the Confessor becomes King of England. Brought up in exile in Normandy, Edward lacked military ability or reputation. His Norman sympathies caused tensions, but much of his reign was peaceful and prosperous.
Edward was responsible for building Westminster Abbey, and he was buried there after his death in 1066.

Stephen de Mandeville, Baron of Erlestoke, was a crusader who originally founded the Knightly Order of St Edward the Confessor, on his way to the Holy Land (where he died in 1154, near Jerusalem), in response to fall of the Crusader State of the County of Edessa on December 24, 1144.                                                                                        The Order was revived in 1414 during the reign of Henry V when English became the language of the Court instead of Norman French and Latin.                                                                                                                                                          St Edward was thought appropriate, as he was and remains the only King of England to have been formally canonised as a Saint of the Catholic Church.     
          


The still existing confraternal Baronial Order of Knighthood, the Knightly Order of St Edward the Confessor (Latin: Milites S. Edwardi Confessoris), is open to Christian men and women of all persuasions.





                                                                                       17th MAY 2018     

                               Baron's News Article at Manorial Counsel              

 

It's again a great pleasure for me to could author an article from the creation of the barony for nearly 950 years to the present day for Manorial Counsel Ltd. The newest entry can be read on the website of Manorial Counsel www.manorialcounselltd.co.uk .

                                                                   Jörg Hubert Baron of North Cadbury

 


    11th MAY 2018    

  'Downton Abbey'?  -  'Upstairs, Downstairs'?


                  


It isn't the kitchen of Mrs Bridges or Mrs Patmore neither the servants indicator bell box of (Mr) Hudson or (Mr) Carson, it's ...                                                                                                                                                                                                              From the mid 1700's in large palaces, castles, grand country estates with manor houses or in large townhouses in London, a regiment of servants was needed to run such a property. 'Downstairs' in the servant's quarters a bell board was installed, each bell or even an indicator box was connected 'Upstairs' to most of the major rooms in the house. These were used by family and guests to summon butlers, maids or servants.          

The innovation of the call bells and indicator boxes serves the process of keeping the servants at arm's length just as ensuring they are on hand at all times, whereas previously servants would have been present. When a button in a room is pressed the servants bell rings while the corresponding red starred flag twinkles from side to side to alert the staff which room requires assistance.                                                                                                                                   In the Baron's household unfortunately not further in use.

  




                                                                                  15th APRIL 2018     

                     The Barons & Barony of North Cadbury - Then & Now   


Baron of North Cadbury is a feudal title of England. The barony was created by William the Conqueror in about 1066 as a gift for one of his Norman barons - Turstin FitzRolf - who fought for him as his loyal standard-bearer at the Battle of Hastings on 14 October 1066. The name of the barony refers to (North) Cadbury in the county of Somerset.       

Turstin FitzRolf, first Baron of Cadeberie, appears to originate from in Bec-de-Mortagne, Pays-de-Caux, Normandy, five miles away south-east of Fécamp, according to the Roman de Rou poem written by the Norman poet Robert Wace (c.1110-after 1174). Robert Wace was born in Jersey and brought up in mainland Normandy (c.1115-1183):

“Tosteins fitz Rou-le-Blanc out non, Al Bec en Caux aveit meison.”
“Turstain fils de Rou le Blanc eut pour nom, au Bec-en-Caux avait maison.” (modern French) 
“Turstin FitzRou the White was his name, had home at Bec-en-Caux.” (modern English) 


Possibly Turstin FitzRolf at the Bayeux Tapestry c. 1070's

The only existing picture of Turstin FitzRolf is that from the Bayeux tapestry, depicted as standard-bearer of William the Conqueror. After Turstin the barony went to Wynebald de Ballon, a Norman magnate and passed via his daughter Mabilia to Henry de Newmarch and the de Newmarch family. It was a very wealthy family with huge amounts of baronial estates, not only in the county of Somerset. Even many landholdings lay in other adjacent counties.                                                        North Cadbury in Somerset was the seat of this extensive barony, but it was not only connected to William the Conqueror (King William I) and the early feudal barons. There are many well-known historic facts as well as numerous legends which base on actual facts.                                                    It is said that the nearby hill fort Cadbury Castle in South Cadbury is the most probable site of King Arthur’s famous Court called Camelot and the place where the barony takes its name from. Furthermore Cadbury Castle is a site rich of archaeological interest. Many excavations have taken place in the past and many archaeologic highly interesting artefacts have been unearthed.  

Cadbury Castle, known as King Arthur's Court Camelot


Map of North Cadbury

A few years ago the chairman of the North Cadbury Village Hall Committee contacted me about a contribution for maintenance works of the local Village Hall, which were urgently required. As the current Lord I’ve seen it as my obligation to give my support for this project. The Village Hall is used very much by the local community and has a professional theatre stage.

After all my wife and I, we had the great honour to be invited several times to North Cadbury. Each time the residents welcomed us as friends. They guided us through this lovely village and the surroundings, which has some magnificent historic landmarks. In late summer 2015 we had also here in Germany, where we live, a return visit from a very nice couple from North Cadbury. We had the great pleasure to show them around in our homeland.          

The Baron and Baroness in front of North Cadbury Court

        

         Held on for the future                  

Jörg Hubert, 6th Baron of North Cadbury by Max Scotto

Some years ago I was very delighted to commission the portrait painter Max Scotto (www.maxscotto.com) to paint a portrait for me. Ever since the Renaissance, the nobility, the gentry and the fashion-conscious have chosen to be recorded for posterity by a portraitist. Portrait genre has thrived in Germany and Britain with artists like Dürer, van Dyke, Reynolds, Gainsborough and Raeburn. This consideration motivated the Baron to commission a Scottish based artist, Max Scotto, to paint his portrait. As I could see on his website portfolio he has an excellent expertise in paintings. In my case the result was a wonderful classical painting and Max told me that he was influenced by the Grand Manner, a style promoted by Sir Joshua Reynolds and he based his colour choices on the palette of Thomas Gainsborough.

The painting is now hanging in our living room. The painter produced an outstanding piece with a very classic taste, depicting me and a view of Cadbury Castle in South Cadbury.     


Regina, Lady of North Cadbury

I was so delighted with my portrait that I commissioned the artist again to paint my wife, the Baroness. Mr Scotto, who is based in Scotland, painted a bust composition of the Lady of North Cadbury inside an oval. He told that he felt inspired by some small portraits in the Scottish National Portrait Gallery.

The spandrels were painted directly on the linen canvas and each corner was decorated with Romanesque initials of the Baroness and the artist’s signature, imitating the gold of the superb swept frame which was also handmade according to the painter’s specifications for this piece.       

In 2016 I have been asked by Laura Taylor, Managing Partner at Manorial Counsel Ltd. to author a guest blog for their website and regularly appearing news letter.  With great pleasure I have written a short article from the creation of the barony for nearly 950 years with the history, legends and developments to the present day; not forgetting the connection to North Cadbury village and its residents.

This article can be read at Manorial Counsel www.manorialcounselltd.co.uk/guest-blog-baron-north-cadbury/.                            

As successor of the early Barons and as the present Baron and custodian of the barony, I’m obliged to preserve this nearly thousand years old piece of English history for future generations.         

I would like to refer you to 'History & Library' to find detailed historic facts of one of the oldest feudal baronies in England which is still existing today.

If you have any enquiries or if you would like to give any comment, please contact my office. 


                                                      'The future is nothing without the past'.


  In this sense and with best wishes  – 

                                                                       Jörg Hubert, Baron of North Cadbury

 


         4th APRIL 2018    

      Spring is coming      


This winter was so long and rather cold, but finally spring is on the way with more sunny and warmer weather. Very soon from almost mid-April to late-May bluebells will bloom in woods and gardens across Britain from South England to Scotland.

In woodland areas and in more open habitats in Somerset the common bluebell flourish in early spring, as well as in North Devon - were the Lordship of Blakewell is located near Barnstaple - as a blue sea of flowers. Bluebells are to find anywhere, but for great displays in fine surroundings it's to recommend woods in Somerset like Long Wood, near Cheddar, Thurlbear Wood near Taunton and King's Castle Wood, near Wells.


 


                                                                                     11th March 2018    

                                           A Brief Introduction to Heraldry    

 

    

Heraldry is the science of armorial bearings and goes back as such to the 12th century. Shields were pictoral name-plates used by feudal lords and knights in battle or medieval tournament to enable themselves to be recognised by their friends and enemies, most of whom who could not read. The use of heraldry was originally a sign on the battlefield, so that knights in fully armour-clad could be easily distinguished one from another. The common practice was for a lord or knight to display the same design on his banner, cloak and shield. From the 13th century coat of arms had spread beyond their initial battlefield use to become a flag or emblem for families in the higher social classes of Europe, inherited from one generation to the next.       

The previous mentioned method of identification became so useful that it was soon adopted in civilian life and underwent a change of form. It was used for showing ownership of property and genuineness of documents. The first authentic shield of arms in recognisable form was used by Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, in 1127.

As a result of the spread of armorial bearings in whole Europe, a new occupation arose: the herald. He was originally a messenger employed by monarchs and noblemen to convey messages or proclamations. A herald assumed the responsibility of learning and knowing the rank, pedigree, and heraldic devices of various knights and lords, as well as the rules and protocols governing the design and description, or blazoning of arms, and the precedence of their bearers. As early as the late thirteenth century, certain heralds in the employ of monarchs were given the title 'King of Heralds', which eventually became 'King of Arms', in Britain to the present day. In other countries as Germany it is practised by heraldic societies.          

Every armorial bearings or coat of arms has it's own personal pictoral language of the respective owner, no coat of arms is equal to another - each is one of a kind. The language of heraldry is a unique form of describing a system of shapes, colours and symbols that are expressed in a standardised form. In the 13th and 14th century when closed helmets were the new design in fighting armour, it soon became apparent that knights were unable to recognise their leaders. This problem was solved as they painted fairly simple and bold designs on their shields and also the sur coat, a tabard or cloak that was worn over the armour.

Today heraldry in countries with heraldic authorities continues to be regulated generally by laws granting rights to arms and recognising possession of arms as well as protecting against their misuse. Coat of arms will be granted in conjunction with a letters patent and officially registered in recognised Roll of Arms.

There are two categories of Coats of Arms:        

Individual/Family Coats of Arms

These would change with every generation and are legal property transmitted from father to son, also wives and daughters could bear armorial bearings modified to indicate their relation to the current holder of the arms. Whilst there would be a family theme, each subsequent holder would remove or add an element pertaining to themselves, this would reflect who they are or who they wanted to be.           

Corporate bodies

Such as universities, governments, counties, states, guilds, societies, spiritual ecclesiastical authorities etc. would have had arms made up that would have continued through time unchanged.           


 His Lordship's Family Coat of Arms

                                                                        hand carved and painted

 

                                                                          hand painted Coat of Arms Shield


If you are interested to a carved Coat of Arms you can contact the heraldic master carver Manfred Gerlach at www.mgerlach.de  or www.art-handcarved.ag.vu .

If you would like to know more about 'Heraldry' and to get your own Coat of Arms Shield you can contact Martin & Caroline Easton at www.1066heraldicshields.co.uk .


         

 6th FEBRUARY 2018   

                                                   English Single Malt

           

Usually when we speak from the 'Water of Life', in Scottish Gaelic 'Uisge Beatha' or in Latin 'Aqua Vitae',we mean Scotch Whisky or Irish Whiskey. But there are also wonderful Whisk(e)ys from other parts of Britain and the world.           

One of the best is the award winning St. George's English Single Malt from the St. George's Distillery of The English Whisky Co. in Norfolk. The distillery was founded by James and Andrew Nelstrop for the specific purpose of producing the very finest English Single Malt Whisky. St. George’s distillery released the first legal English whisky in over a century in December 2009. The English Whisky Co. source their barley, yeast and water from within England, making this a truly English spirit.                                                                                                                                                                                     St. George's English Single Malt is a really excellent 'Water of Life' and a highly recommended whisky for connoisseurs.

     Cheers!  -  Slàinte mhath!  -  Prost!           

       

          

                                                                    26th JANUARY 2018                                                          

    Painting: View to Glastonbury Tor, Somerset 

    

                                                   Oil on board by M. Hughes 1976  ©The Baron de Newmarc

                                                

A bright accomplished oil painting of the lovely Somerset countryside with Glastonbury Tor in the distance. The painting deigns a look to the beautiful county of Somerset, which is a mainly agricultural region, typically with open fields of permanent grass surrounded by ditches with willow trees.

Access to individual areas, especially for cattle, was provided by means of "droves", i.e. green lanes, leading off the public highways. Some of the old roads, in contrast to the old hollow ways found in other areas of England, are causeways raised above the level of the surrounding land, with a drainage ditch running along each side.

The town of Glastonbury has mythical associations, including legends of a visit by the young Jesus of Nazareth and Joseph of Arimathea, with links to the Holy Grail, King Arthur and Camelot, identified by some as Cadbury Castle, an Iron Age hill fort.

          


                                                                                 2nd JANUARY 2018                                        

             Mystic Creatures: The White Horses on England's green Hills                               


The Baron and Baroness of North Cadbury have seen the Westbury White Horse on their journey to North Cadbury. White horses can be seen commonly across many places in Britain. Their origin is largely obscure.                        

The Westbury White Horse is a hill figure located near the city of Westbury, Wiltshire on the escarpment, an Iron stone hill fort of Salisbury Plain. It is the oldest of White Horses in Wiltshire, but not the oldest of England. It has been restored in 1778, but possibly it has been originally engraved in the ninth century to commemorate King Alfred's victory at the Battle of Ethandun (Edington) 878. At this battle Alfred the Great defeats the Danes.


Another much older hillside chalk figure, the Uffington White Horse featured King Alfred's early life, as he was born not far from Uffington. Archaelogical works has dated the Uffington White Horse to the Iron Age (800 BC–AD 100) or the Bronze Age  (1000–700 BC). The Uffington horse is by far the oldest of white horse figures in Britain.                                                                                                                                                                                       Legend has it that King Arthur will one day wake when England is in peril. When Arthur rouses the Uffington Horse will rise up and dance on Dragon Hill, Uffington.                                                                                                          A similar creature is featured on old Celtic coins from 150 BC.

Uffington White Horse, Oxfordshire, England

In the eighteenth century the new British Royal Family, the House of Hanover, assumed the heraldic symbol of the white horse to their coat of arms. It is argued that the Westbury White Horse may have been carved first in the early eighteen century as a symbol of loyalty to the new Prostestant reigning House.